Bombing of Yawata (June 1944)

The Wikipedia article of the day for June 15, 2021 is Bombing of Yawata (June 1944). The Bombing of Yawata on the night of 15/16 June 1944 was the first air raid on the Japanese home islands conducted by United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) strategic bombers during World War II. The attack was undertaken by 75 B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers (examples pictured) staging from bases in China. Only 47 of these aircraft dropped bombs near the raid’s primary target, the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata, and little damage was caused. Five B-29s were lost in accidents during the operation and two were destroyed by Japanese aircraft. While the raid did not achieve its aims, it raised Japanese civilians’ awareness that…

Enthiran

The Wikipedia article of the day for June 14, 2021 is Enthiran. Enthiran (Robot) is a 2010 Indian Tamil-language science fiction film written and directed by S. Shankar. Produced by Kalanithi Maran, it stars Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan (both pictured). The story revolves around a scientist’s struggle to control his creation, an android that can comprehend and exhibit human emotions. The project backfires when the robot falls in love with the scientist’s girlfriend, and is manipulated by a rival scientist into becoming homicidal. Enthiran received praise for Rajinikanth’s performance and for its cinematography, art direction, and visual effects. It emerged as the top-earning Indian film of 2010 and is among the highest-grossing South Indian films of all time. It won…

Barren Island, Brooklyn

The Wikipedia article of the day for June 13, 2021 is Barren Island, Brooklyn. Barren Island is a former island on the southeast shore of Brooklyn in New York City. Located on Jamaica Bay, it was occupied by the Lenape Native Americans prior to the arrival of Dutch settlers in the 17th century. Its name is a corruption of Beeren Eylandt, the Dutch-language term for “Bears’ Island”. From the 1850s to the mid-1930s, the island was an industrial complex with plants for rendering fish and processing the carcasses of the city’s dead horses, converting them into industrial products. Because of this, the body of water on the island’s western shore was nicknamed “Dead Horse Bay”. By the 1920s, most of…

Durrell’s vontsira

The Wikipedia article of the day for June 12, 2021 is Durrell’s vontsira. Durrell’s vontsira (Salanoia durrelli) is a Madagascan mammal in the family Eupleridae of the order Carnivora. It is most closely related to the brown-tailed mongoose (Salanoia concolor), with which it forms the genus Salanoia. The two are genetically similar, but morphologically distinct, leading scientists to recognize them as separate species. The animal was first known to science after an individual was observed in 2004, and S. durrelli was described as a new species in 2010. A small, reddish-brown carnivore, Salanoia durrelli is characterized by broad feet with prominent pads, reddish-buff underparts, and broad, robust teeth, among other differences from the brown-tailed mongoose. In the only two weighed specimens,…

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